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SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT

Population Trend

Malaysia's population was 18.4 million in 1991 and will be 26.6 million in 2006 with an annual growth of 2.6% (Table 2.1-1). Approximate 80% of the total population reside in peninsular Malaysia, with 9.9% in Sabah and 9.4% in Sarawak. The Population growth rate estimation of 18.5% in Sabah from 1991 to 2006 is the highest as compared to 14.4% in average of whole of Malaysia.

Table 2.1-1: Population growth estimation in Malaysia (1991-2006)

Region

Area
(sq. km)

Population

Growth %
(1999-2006)

Density / sq. km

1991

1998

2006

1991

1998

2006

Sabah

73,620

1,809

2,740

3,344

185

25

37

45

Sarawak

124,449

1,718

1,990

2,416

141

13

16

19

Peninsular

131,689

14,853

174,449

20,795

140

113

132

158

Total

329,758

18,380

22,179

26,555

144

56

67

81

                 

Data Source: MOSTE (1997), 1) Social Statistics Bulletins Malaysia (1998)

Table 2.1-2: GDP by sector in whole Malaysia and Sabah (1970-1990) (1987 price)       (RM million)

Sector

Whole Malaysia

Sabah

1970

%

1990

%

1998

%

1970

%

1990

%

1998

%

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery.

6,254

30.0

14,820

18.5

17,157

8.7

738

55.4

2,436

37.4

3,362

37.4

Mining

2,962

14.2

7,748

9.7

14,719

7.7

10

0.7

1,279

79.6

722

8.0

Manufacturing

2,995

14.4

21,323

26.6

50,899

26.6

44

3.3

489

7.5

1,143

12.7

Construction

811

3.9

2,844

3.5

7,333

3.8

61

4.6

251

3.9

241

2.7

Utilities (Gas, etc)

238

1.1

1,513

1.9

6,277

3.3

10

0.7

66

1.0

138

1.5

Transport

785

3.8

5,447

6.8

14,871

7.8

47

3.5

394

6.0

598

6.7

Wholesale Retail, Hotel & Restaurant

2,469

11.9

8,754

10.9

28,565

13.4

137

10.3

682

10.5

1,100

12.3

Finance, Insurance

1,854

8.9

7,655

9.5

23,010

12.0

129

9.7

383

5.9

584

6.5

Government Service

2,005

9.6

8,522

10.6

13,278

6.9

101

7.6

475

7.3

696

7.8

Other Service

445

2.1

1,657

2.1

15,345

8.0

37

2.8

62

0.9

394

4.4

Total Value Added 20,818   80,283  

182,331

 

1,332 #

  6,517   8,317  
                         

Data Source: MOSTE (1997),1) Yearbook of Statistics, Malaysia (1999), 2) Yearbook of Statistics, Sabah(1999)
#Not including imputed bank service charge (less) and import duties (plus). % of each sector are calculated sub-total until other services.

Table 2.1-3: Forest reserve and oil palm plantation area change in Sabah (1972-1999)

Land Use

1972

1977

1982

1987

1995

1997

1999

Forest reserve (including)

6,007,000

5,353,000

4,607,000

4,494,000

4,422,000

4,443,000

4,443,000

Oil palm plantation

nd

73,303

110,717

182,612

518,133

758,587

941,322

               
Data Source: Sabah Forestry Department, and Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia

Table 2.1-4: Contribution of forestry sector to state revenue in Sabah (RM million)

Year

Revenue from forest

Total State revenue

% Forest revenue of Total

1975

151.7

265.8

57.1

1980

1,098.6

1,538.3

71.4

1985

504.1

1,156.4

43.6

1990

818.1

1,619.9

50.5

1995

602.7

1,475.3

40.9

1996

577.9

1,524.5

37.9

1997

577.9

1,422.8

40.6

1998

321.2

1,218.9

26.4

       
Data Source: Sabah Forestry Department (1997) (1975-1995 data) and Yearbook of Statistics Sabah (1999)

Table 2.1-5: Number of tourist visiting Malaysia and Sabah

Year

Whole Malaysia

Sabah

International Arrivals

Total Receipt (million RM)

International Arrivals

Domestic

Total

Total Receipt (milion RM)

1997

6,210,921

9,699.6

159,705

204,105

363,813

289.4

1998

5,507,480

8,580.4

264,898

158,386

423,284

365.1

1999

7,931,149

12,321.3

335,931

148,060

483,991

488.0

2000

10,221,582

17,335.4

408,938

365,537

774,475

723.5

2001

nd

nd

531,620

475,198

1,006,818

895.0

2002

nd

nd

637,944

570,238

1,208,182

1,075.0

             

#Forecast arrival and estimated receipt
Data Source: Information from Sabah Tourism Promotion Cooperation (Sabah) and Annual Tourism Statistical Report (2000)
(Malaysia Tourism Promotion web site: http://tourism.gov.my)


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